They can be a good option for people who want flexibility in their estate plan, want to save money on taxes, or are preparing for retirement.
Here’s what a typical lifecycle of a charitable remainder trust looks like:
Step 1: A person known as the “grantor” creates a charitable remainder trust.
Step 2: The grantor deposits assets—such as cash, collectibles, real estate, or securities—into the trust.
Step 3: The trust sells the assets.
Step 5: The trust pays out periodic income—either to the grantor or another person they’ve chosen (called a “beneficiary”).
Step 6: When the grantor or beneficiary dies or the trust term expires, any assets left in the trust are donated to a designated charity.
A trust is a type of legal agreement, so most people work with a lawyer to set one up. Accountants, financial planners, or investment advisors may also be able to help.
In the course of setup, you’ll also need to make some important decisions, including:
Answering this last question will help you decide which type of charitable remainder trust is best for you—a charitable remainder unitrust or a charitable remainder annuity trust.
Here are some of the key differences:
|Charitable remainder unitrust (CRUT)||Charitable remainder annuity trust (CRAT)|
|Type of payment||Pays a set percentage of its value||Pays a set dollar amount|
|Main benefits||Payments could increase over time if the investments perform well||A fixed dollar-value payment is more reliable and makes retirement planning simpler|
|Main risks||Payments could decrease if the investments do poorly; changing payment amounts makes retirement planning harder||Trust assets could be depleted if investments do poorly; in that case the trust may be voided|
|Can you make additional contributions?||Yes||No|
Note: All charitable remainder trusts are irrevocable, so you can’t cancel or change them in any way after creation.
Charitable remainder trusts can provide significant tax savings. For example, you can:
However, distributions you or your beneficiary receive from the trust may be taxable.
A charitable remainder trust can provide a consistent source of income, particularly in retirement, all while benefiting your favorite charity. There are two primary types: unitrusts and annuity trusts. Working with a qualified professional can help you pick the right kind and avoid legal and tax pitfalls.